U.S. core inflation edges higher in November, supports December rate hike

By Staff, with files from The Associated Press | December 12, 2018 | Last updated on December 12, 2018
2 min read
Federal reserve building, Washington DC. USA.
© Tananuphong Kummaru / 123RF Stock Photo

U.S. consumer prices were unchanged in November, the best performance since prices actually fell eight months ago. The docile inflation reading reflected a big drop in the cost of gasoline and other energy products.

The Labor Department said Wednesday that the unchanged inflation reading last month followed a 0.3% jump in prices in October. It was the lowest reading since consumer prices actually fell 0.1% in March.

Core inflation, which excludes volatile energy and food prices, rose 0.2% in November.

Over the past 12 months, consumer prices have risen 2.2% and core prices are also up 2.2%. That performance is close to the Federal Reserve’s 2% target for annual price gains and indicates that inflation remains well-behaved.

The Federal Reserve meets next week, and the expectation is that the central bank will boost its benchmark rate for a fourth time this year. The Fed has been raising rates to make sure that the lowest unemployment in nearly five decades does not start pushing inflation higher. President Donald Trump has sharply criticized those rate hikes, calling them a threat to the economic recovery and unnecessary since inflation has remained low.

While there is a wide expectation the Fed will go ahead and raise rates again in December, it had projected another three rate hikes in 2019. But given recent comments by Fed Chairman Jerome Powell and other Fed officials, economists say the central bank may be contemplating fewer rate hikes next year, given that inflation has stayed low and there are signs that the economy is slowing.

Derek Holt, vice-president and head of capital markets economics at Scotiabank, said in report that he doesn’t expect the Fed “is about to turn more dovish next week.”

Holt noted that retail sales, which will be released on Friday, remain the only major data to come ahead of next Wednesday’s rate decision. “This will be coupled with geopolitical developments over coming days,” he said.

In a CIBC report, economist Katherine Judge said that, despite the increase in core inflation, recent comments from Fed officials along with slowing growth suggest “less urgency” for interest rate hikes in 2019.

Consumer price details

For November, energy prices dropped 2.2% after a 2.4% jump in October. Energy prices have been falling sharply over the past month, reflecting sharp declines in global oil prices which have plunged from $75 per barrel in early October to near $50 per barrel currently.

The nationwide average pump price for gas is US$2.41 currently, down from US$2.69 a month ago, according to motor club AAA. That is the lowest price of this year with pump prices at their lowest points since mid-December of last year. The sharp fall in global crude oil has prompted the oil cartel OPEC to plan production cuts to boost prices.

Food costs edged up 0.2% in November, a modest gain that left food costs just 1.4% higher than a year ago.

New car prices were unchanged in November and up only 0.3% over the past 12 months. Used car prices have been rising faster, up 2.4% in November and 2.3% higher than November 2017.

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Staff, with files from The Associated Press

The Associated Press is an American not-for-profit news agency headquartered in New York City.