Unemployment rate falls to 5.5%, below pre-pandemic level

By Staff, with files from The Canadian Press | March 11, 2022 | Last updated on March 11, 2022
2 min read
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Statistics Canada says the economy added 337,000 jobs in February, more than offsetting the loss of 200,000 jobs in January as the unemployment rate fell below pre-pandemic levels.

The unemployment rate dropped to 5.5% in February compared with 6.5% in the first month of the year.

That is the lowest it’s been since it was 5.7% in February 2020 just before the start of the Covid-19 pandemic.

Statistics Canada says the unemployment rate would have been 7.4% last month had it included in calculations people who wanted a job but did not look for one.

The majority of the decline in the ranks of Canada’s unemployed came from people called back to work in February after a temporary layoff one month earlier as provinces tightened restriction to slow the spread of the omicron variant.

Eight provinces saw job increases as restrictions eased, although Alberta and New Brunswick stayed flat.

Scotiabank Economics’ forecasting model jumped sharply in response to the labour market data.

The bank’s so-called “nowcasting” model, which adjusts forecasts immediately in response to economic data releases, is now forecasting 5.2% growth (quarter over quarter) in the first quarter of 2022, up from its previous forecast of 4%.

“Despite the restrictions related to the spread of the omicron variant and the rising geopolitical tensions that exploded into the Russian invasion of Ukraine, the Canadian economy continued to surge ahead in early 2022,” the bank said in an accompanying research note.

The sharp jump in the model’s forecast comes in response to both very strong employment gains and a 3.6% gain in hours worked in February, which more than regained ground lost in January.

“The increase in employment, rising inflation and sharp increases in oil prices should clear any doubts in the minds of the Bank of Canada’s governing council that a rapid withdrawal of the monetary stimulus is required in the coming months,” Scotiabank said.

Gains in February were notable in sectors hardest hit by public health restrictions, including accommodation and food services that was up by 114,000 jobs.

Statistics Canada also says the proportion of the working age population with a job rose in February to 61.8%, marking the first time that rate returned to its pre-pandemic levels.

Overall, the agency says that the labour force in February was 1.9%, or 369,100 jobs, above levels recorded in February 2020.

The February jobs report suggests the labour market is at, or very close to, full employment, said Royce Mendes, head of macro strategy at Desjardins.

The Canadian Chamber of Commerce warns that is going to make it difficult to fill the nearly one million job vacancies across the country.

Leah Nord, the chamber’s senior director of workforce strategies, said the general policy response from governments to acute labour shortages has been underwhelming.

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Staff, with files from The Canadian Press

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