U.S. consumer spending edged up a tiny 0.1% in January, while incomes advanced a modest 0.2% in February, further evidence that economic activity may have decelerated after strong growth for most of last year.
The Commerce Department said Friday that the weak gain in consumer spending followed a 0.6% plunge in December that marked the biggest one-month drop in more than nine years. The 0.2% rise in incomes in February came after a 0.1% drop in incomes in January.
Many analysts believe the economy has entered a soft patch and that growth is significantly slower in the current quarter. The U.S. faces various headwinds, including weakness overseas and the waning effects of the 2017 tax cuts.
The government on Thursday revised down gross domestic product growth to 2.2% in the fourth quarter. Consumer spending, which accounts for 70% of economic activity, is a major reason for the slowdown.
Economists at Macroeconomic Advisers said they were trimming their GDP tracking forecast for the first quarter to 1.2% based on the weaker-than-expected spending report. Other analysts believe first quarter growth will come in between 1% and 1.5%.
President Donald Trump, who is counting on a strong economy to support his re-election bid, has disputed talk of a slowdown. In an appearance in Michigan Thursday night, he told the audience, “The economy is roaring.”
The spending report showed that purchases of durable goods such as autos fell 1.2% in January after an even bigger 2.9% plunge in December. Purchases of nondurable goods such as clothing edged up 0.3% following a 2.2% fall in December.
A key inflation gauge closely followed by the Federal Reserve edged down 0.1% in January and is up just 1.4% over the past 12 months, the smallest 12-month gain since the period ending in September 2016.
In response to the signs of a slowdown and rising economic risks, the Fed has done an about-face this year and announced that it expects to leave its key interest rate unchanged for the whole year following four rate hikes in 2018.
The spending and income report showed that the saving rate slipped to 7.5% in January, down from 7.7% in December.