HSBC Bank Canada is up for a potential sale as global banking giant HSBC Holdings Plc faces pressure to shake up operations from its largest shareholder.
“We are currently reviewing our strategic options with respect to our wholly owned subsidiary in Canada,” Gillian James, senior media relations manager at HSBC, wrote in an email.
“The review is at an early stage and no decisions have been made.”
National Bank analyst Gabriel Dechaine said the review of HSBC Bank Canada, the country’s seventh largest bank by assets, comes as HSBC faces pressure from Chinese insurer Ping An, its largest shareholder, to break up the bank.
The news has generated “a lot of excitement,” he said in an analyst note.
“Considering the rare opportunity to acquire a large Canadian lending institution, we believe every Big Six bank would evaluate this asset.”
“Regionally, [an HSBC acquisition] could give any institution a lift, especially where some of the banks don’t have as much of a big presence, such as out in British Columbia,” said John Cucchiella, president of Toronto-based SMEx Advisory. “HSBC has always had a good commercial business, so I imagine any bank institution would be interested in that.”
HSBC Canada’s commercial banking business made up about two-thirds of the $490 million in profit before taxes it pulled in for the first half of 2022.
The bank, while one of HSBC’s smaller foreign subsidiaries, was the third largest contributor to HSBC’s commercial banking profits in 2021 to make it a “disproportionately profitable business,” Dechaine said.
While all of Canada’s big banks would likely take a look, he said Royal Bank was the leading candidate as it has the scale to take on what could be a more than $10-billion takeover.
Dechaine noted TD Bank Group and BMO are already in the midst of multibillion-dollar takeovers in the U.S., making them less likely to be potential buyers.
Another foreign bank buying the division looks unlikely as European and U.S. banks have had a track record of leaving Canada, while a Chinese buyer would face regulatory challenges, he added.
Cucchiella said the dominance of the Big Six in Canada makes it difficult for smaller institutions to compete. “For any institution to come in and try to poke away at that, it’s a challenge. You’ve got to build big brand presence,” he said.
HSBC has been winding down its exposure in North America. Last year, the bank sold off its U.S. mass market retail division, cutting its branches in the country from 148 to 58. Back in 2011, HSBC sold its full-service investment advisory business, which included 120 advisors, to National Bank of Canada.
HSBC Canada has more than 130 branches, with a concentration in British Columbia. Since the bank first established itself in Canada in 1981 it has snapped up more than a dozen banks and trusts in Canada to grow to its current size.
In its latest quarterly filings, HSBC said the Canadian division was helpful as it could leverage its footprint across all key trade corridors.